The Ministry of Health and Consumer Affairs of the Junta of Andalusia has made public the new vaccination schedule for 2024, presented at the III Vaccine Congress of Andalusia (Andavac) and which incorporates five new developments compared to the 2023 campaign. These new developments update the calendar and introduce changes in the vaccination strategy against the human papillomavirus (HPV), 20-valent pneumococcus, meningococcus C vaccine, and vaccination against shingles. These are the modifications:
- Systematic vaccination strategy against HPV with a one-dose regimen. A dose against HPV will be applied to 12-year-old girls and boys, a criterion that will also be applied in the rescue dose for 13-year-old boys and girls from 13 to 18 years old.
- 20-valent pneumococcus vaccination. In adults, a new cohort is incorporated into the systematic vaccination against 20-valent conjugate pneumococcus, which is now from 60 to 73 years (born between 1951 and 1964) who have not yet received either the 13-valent or the 20-valent.
- ACWY meningococcus vaccine. HE replaces the dose of the vaccine against meningococcus C recommended to 4 months of age by the ACWY meningococcal vaccine. This measure will begin to be applied starting February 1, 2024with those born on or after October 1, 2023. It will also be administered to infants born before this date and who have not yet received either the meningococcus C or meningococcus ACWY vaccine.
- Replacement of Nimenrix® with MenQuadfi® at 12 months, 12 years and rescue of unvaccinated children aged 13 to 18 years. The Nimenrix vaccine preparation is replaced® by the vaccine preparation MenQuadfi® for the vaccination systematic against meningococcus ACWY at 12 months and 12 years, and for rescue vaccination in adolescents aged 13 to 18 years who have not yet received any vaccine against meningococcus ACWY (Nimenrix®, MenQuadfi® or Menveo®) from 10 years of age. This change will start starting March 1, 2024.
- Vaccination against herpes zoster. Vaccination against herpes zoster is incorporated in the adult cohort of 65 years (born 1959), with a schedule of 2 doses, separated by at least 2 months. This measure will begin to be implemented during 2024. The start time of this systematic vaccination will be reported in a future update of this instruction.
New vaccination schedule in Andalusia
With the news, the calendar would look like this:
Prenatal: Tetanus, diphtheria and whooping cough vaccines will be administered during pregnancy. Additionally, it is recommended that all pregnant women get a flu vaccine.
At birth: in the first 24 hours of life (preferably in the first 12) the person is vaccinated against hepatitis B if the mother has this disease.
After two months: tethanes, diphtheria and whooping cough; poliomyelitis; hepatitis B, haemophilus influenzae b; conjugated pneumococcus; Meningococcus B (Bexsero).
At four months: All the previous ones are repeated and that of ACWY meningococcus is added.
At eleven months: The same ones are given as at four months, except meningococcus B and menginococcus ACWY, which are not administered.
One year: ACWY meningococcal vaccine and MMR vaccine.
At fifteen months: meningococcus B is repeated and the chickenpox vaccine is also administered.
At three years: He gets the second dose of MMR and, in addition, that of chickenpox.
At six years old: A booster dose of tetanus, diphtheria, and pertussis vaccine is recommended. Also against polio, with the aim that all minors of this age have received at least 4 doses of polio vaccine to guarantee adequate long-term protection. Finally, it is recommended to vaccinate against MMR for those who have no history of vaccination or proof of a history of measles born after 1970. As well as rescue vaccination for chickenpox from ages 4 to 65.
At twelve years old: meningococcal vaccine ACWY by one dose to adolescents 12 years of age who have not received a dose of MenACWY after age 10 years. Also that of Papillomavirus to boys and girls with a single dose.
At thirteen years old: HPV rescue for boys aged 13 and girls aged 13 to 18. ACWY meningococcus rescue for ages 13 to 18.
At 14 years: adult type tetanus and diphtheria vaccine.
From 60 years old: The 20-valent pneumococcus vaccine is recommended for all people born between January 1, 1951 and December 31, 1964 who have not previously received this vaccine.
At 65 years old: tetanus and diphtheria vaccine, shingles vaccine.
Flu vaccine: Flu vaccination is recommended for pregnant women, children from 6 months to five years, and people over 65 years of age.
More details of the vaccination campaign in Andalusia here.